The Sabbath

 

By

 

James Robertson

 

The Sabbath is one of the most important commands given to us from Yahweh. So many of the Christian churches have decided to forgo the Sabbath and turned from worship of Yahweh to worshiping only on Sunday (the first day of the week) as was proclaimed by Constantine in the 4th century C.E. Constantine called the first day both, “the Lord’s Day”, and the “Day of the Sun” ( Dies Solis), thus mixing together the concepts of sun worship and the resurrection. The Roman church was already calling the first day of the week “the Lord’s Day” as recognition for the day of the week when the Messiah was resurrected. Up until this decree a great number in the church continued to keep the Sabbath and the “Lord’s Day.” It was by Constantine’s authority that the legal institution of Sunday was established and, in fact, he demanded that no one heretofore was to keep any other day except Sunday as or the Lord’s Day. It is written that many Jews and Messianic's died by his hand for keeping the Sabbath instead of Sunday. Sunday worship was not instituted by the Apostles as many suppose.

 

Early believers, having met to worship on the Sabbath, would probably pray together until the sun went down, then closing out Sabbath, they would commence with the business of the body. Today a ceremony held in synagogues called HAVDALAH closes out Sabbath at sundown and announces that work may commence. What they did on the first day of the week had nothing to do with the sun coming up on Sunday morning. Constantine decreed and enforced a view of the first day of the week in connection with the sun god, thereby “Sunsday.”

 

 The argument is still put forward today that the New Writings, (New Testament), commands Sunday observance instead of Sabbath. This of course, is preposterous as any casual reading of the New Testament will demonstrate. Neither Yahshua nor Sha'ul nor Kepha nor any writer of the New Testament so much as even implied such. It is ironic that most times the individual who tries to find a legal reason in Scripture for changing the Sabbath to Sunday is the same one who says we do not need to keep the Sabbath, because we are no longer under the Law, why then do we keep trying to write another one? If we do not need to keep the Sabbath then where is the authority in Scripture to keep Sunday?

 

 Can we still worship on Sunday? The answer is: worship and prayer are to be encouraged DAILY, including Sunday! The issue is not on which day we should worship, but on which day should we obey Yahweh to rest on His day and honor Him for creation!

 

 Believers must make a statement to the world concerning their obedience to Scripture. Sunday veneration as a replacement of the Sabbath is blasphemy. There is no command in Scripture to honor the resurrection by honoring Sunday. To do so is to tell Yahweh that you will not honor Him on Sabbath and if that be the case you cannot honor Yahweh and if you cannot honor Yahweh then you don’t have Him in your heart and if you don’t have Him in your heart then….you are not Born From Above!

 

 The seventh day Sabbath is commanded in the Scriptures, let’s take a look:

 

 Exodus 31:13 “And you, speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, Yahweh, am setting you apart.

 

 Now, that’s a command not just a, well if you feel like it. A command is a command is a command period.

 

 I know what you’re saying, at that time they didn’t have names of the days of the week. That is correct, it was just 1st day, 2nd day, 3rd, day, 4th day, 5th day, 6th day, 7th day. Understand this; they all used the same days. They stilled worked the same 6 days and took off the same 7th day. So, why did the Yahweh have to tell them to guard the Sabbath? While they were in bondage in Mitsrayim (Egypt) they had to work seven days a week all of the time. So, why does this matter to us today?

 

Look at Exodus chapter 20:

 

Exodus 20:1-17, “And Elohim spoke all these Words, saying,

 

(2)  “I am Yahweh your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery.

 

(3)  “You have no other mighty ones against My face.

 

(4)  “You do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of that which is in the heavens above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth,

 

(5)  you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, Yahweh your Elohim am a jealous El, visiting the crookedness of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

 

(6)  but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My commands.

 

(7)  “You do not bring the Name of Yahweh your Elohim to naught, for Yahweh does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught. (Note: or lift up, or take.)

 

(8)  “Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart.

 

(9)  “Six days you labor, and shall do all your work,

 

(10)  but the seventh day is a Sabbath of Yahweh your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. (Note: There are other Sabbaths, but this is the weekly Sabbath).

 

(11)  “For in six days Yahweh made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart.

 

(12)  “Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which Yahweh your Elohim is giving you.

 

(13)  “You do not murder.

 

(14)  “You do not commit adultery.

 

(15)  “You do not steal.

 

(16)  “You do not bear false witness against your neighbor.

 

(17)  “You do not covet your neighbor’s house, you do not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbor.”

 

Again Yahweh is commanding to keep the Sabbath day. Why do you ask?

 

Genesis 2:2-3, “And on the seventh day Elohim completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made.

 

(3)  And Elohim blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because on it He rested from all His work which Elohim in creating had made.”

 

Isaiah 58:13 “If you do turn back your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My set-apart day, and shall call the Sabbath ‘a delight,’ the set-apart day of Yahweh ‘esteemed,’ and shall esteem it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words, then you shall delight yourself in Yahweh. And I shall cause you to ride on the heights of the earth, and feed you with the inheritance of Ya’acoḇ your father. For the mouth of Yahweh has spoken!”

 

Deuteronomy 5:12-15, ‘Guard the Sabbath day, to set it apart, as Yahweh your Elohim commanded you.

 

(13)  ‘Six days you labor, and shall do all your work,

 

(14)  but the seventh day is a Sabbath of Yahweh your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, so that your male servant and your female servant rest as you do.

 

(15)  ‘And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Mitsrayim, and that Yahweh your Elohim brought you out from there by a strong hand and by an outstretched arm. Therefore Yahweh your Elohim commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.

 

Leviticus 23:2-3, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and say to them, ‘The appointed times of Yahweh, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times, are these:

 

(3)  ‘Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work, it is a Sabbath to Yahweh in all your dwellings.

 

Again, the Sabbath is a commandment.

 

Throughout your generations. What does that mean? A perpetual statute or forever.

 

Now taking in to mind what forever means, “NEVERENDING.” That means that the Messiah did not say it was alright to change the Sabbath from 7th day to the 1st day. Nowhere in Scripture does it say or even allude to this. The Sabbath will always be the Sabbath. Even if there were no humans on this planet it would still be the Sabbath according to Genesis chapter two. However, Sabbath was made for MAN!

 

Now, why is the Sabbath so important to Yahweh?

 

1.      Because HE rested on the 7th day and called it the Sabbath.

 

2.      Because HE commanded us to observe the 7th day as Sabbath.

 

3.      HE rewards us when we observe the 7th day as Sabbath. 

 

Did Yahweh create us for the Sabbath or the Sabbath for us?

 

He created the Sabbath for rest, recuperation and replenishment, so HE created the Sabbath for us.

 

So, what happens when we don’t observe the Sabbath?

 

Yahweh said in Deuteronomy chapters 27 and 28, if you follow His decrees and statutes (commands) He will bless you. If not HE will curse you.

 

Christians today are influenced by dispensationalisim. What’s that you say?  Dispensationalists believe that the “Old Testament” (Hebrew writings), are for the Jews only and the “New Testament” (Messianic writings) are for the Christians as if they were two different books and groups. As a Believer the books are ONE, just as Yahweh is ONE. This is why most of the Christian churches insist that the commands were for the Jews only and not for the Christians.

 

Well, let’s look at the Book of Matthew:

 

Matthew 5:17-18, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah (Law) or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete. (Note: The Law and the Prophets is a term used for the pre-Messianic or Hebrew Scriptures.)

 

(18)  “For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done.(Note: Luke 16:17).

 

Matthew 5:19-20, “Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens.

 

(20)  “For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall by no means enter into the reign of the heavens. (Note: Matthew 15:3-9, Mark 7:7-13, John 7:19, Acts 7:53, Romans 2:23-27, Galatians 6:13).

 

What is the Messiah saying here?

 

Matthew 19:17, “And He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except One – Elohim. But if you wish to enter into life, guard the commands.”(Note: See Luke 10:28, John 12:50, Revelation 22:14.)

 

Yahshua is telling us the same thing that Yahweh is telling us, GUARD the COMMANDS.

 

So, what does guard the commands mean? To Obey, and to perform.

 

Now, back to Sabbath. What does it mean to observe the Sabbath? Again, to rest and have a day with Yahweh, searching the Scriptures, for study and observation, to be with family and Yahweh said to have a set-apart gathering. The Sabbath is to be regarded as different from the other six days. In Exodus chapter 20 verse eleven Yahweh said: “Therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart.”

 

He set it apart, or as in Hebrew KADOSH, which means set-apart or as the Christians call it “Holy.”

 

Everyone is expected to obey the commandments, nothing has changed in this if you are a Born Again Believer, or redeemed, if you have joined the family of Yahweh the Kingdom of heaven from the good news of Yahshua HaMashiach then you must obey the commandments and that includes the Sabbath or 7th day observance.

 

You do not have to join a manmade religion to observe Sabbath. Manmade you say? Christianity is a manmade religion. The Sabbath belongs to no man or religion, Yahweh wants all mankind to observe the Sabbath.

 

Looking at Exodus chapter 20 verse 10: “You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.” Stranger or sojourner, as some translations say, is a non Jew or non tribe of Israel, in short Gentile. That includes everyone. We are bound to obey and glorify the Creator.

 

So, why is this day (the Sabbath) so obviously sacred to Yahweh?

 

It is the eternal sign of His covenant with His people, Bnei Yisra’el.  As such, our observance of it each week renews our devotion and commitment to His covenant with us, a renewal that honors Yahweh.  Ezekiel 20:12 re-iterates this concept. (And I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, to know that I am Yahweh who sets them apart.)

 

Our observance of Shabbat contributes heavily toward our every growing need to preserve our unique identity in the face of a hostile world.  It is a statement we make every week that our Land, and ourselves belongs to the set-apart One of Israel - a truth for which we are sublimely and continually grateful.

 

Shabbat is the greatest day of the week and its observance is a gift of inestimable value.

 

Moses assembled the entire assembly of the children of Israel and said to them:

 

"These are the things that Yahweh has commanded, to do them:  On six days work may be done, but the seventh day shall be set-apart for you, a day of complete rest for Yahweh; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death.  You shall not kindle fire in any of your dwellings on the Shabbat."  Exodus 35:1-3

 

In Genesis 2:1-3, Elohim completed His creation, blessed the seventh day and called it 'set-apart'.  It is noteworthy that Shabbat - the 7th day - is the very FIRST thing in scripture that is designated as 'set-apart' and nowhere in subsequent scriptures is there any justification for so designating any other day of the week.  Shabbat is Shabbat; there is no other.

 

The Sabbath was and is a cornerstone of Bnei Yisrael’s practice from earliest times as can be seen from the consistent mention of the Sabbath throughout the entire Scriptures.  Its observance is legislated repeatedly in general terms (Exodus 20:8-11; 23:12; 31:12-17; Leviticus 23:3; Deuteronomy 5:12-15), and among the types of prohibited are included the gathering food, plowing and reaping, kindling a fire, and chopping wood (Exodus 16:29-30; 34:21; 35:3; Numbers 15:32-36). The positive specifications of Sabbath observance include giving rest to one's servants and animals (Exodus 20:10; 23:12; Deuteronomy 5:14).

 

Sabbath observance took on an added significance during the days of the prophets who were active shortly before and during the period of exile in Babylon. Jeremiah attached the very fate of Jerusalem to the observance of the Sabbath (Jeremiah 17:19-27; cf. Nehemiah 13:17-18). Ezekiel subscribes to the same line of thought in equating the Sabbath with all other commandments (Ezekiel 20:11-24).

 

Jeremiah 17:19-27, “Thus Yahweh said to me, “Go and stand in the gate of the children of the people, by which the sovereigns of Yahudah come in and by which they go out, and in all the gates of Yerushalyim.  (20)  “And you shall say to them, ‘Hear the word of Yahweh, you sovereigns of Yahudah, and all Yahudah, and all the inhabitants of Yerushalyim, who enter by these gates.  (21)  ‘Thus said Yahweh, “Guard yourselves, and bear no burden on the Sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Yerushalyim,  (22)  nor take a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, nor do any work. And you shall set apart the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.  (23)  “But they did not obey, or incline their ear, and they made their neck stiff not to hear and not to receive instruction.  (24)  “And it shall be, if you diligently obey Me,” declares Yahweh, “to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day, and set apart the Sabbath day, to do no work in it,  (25)  then sovereigns and heads sitting on the throne of Daviḏ shall enter in through the gates of this city, riding in chariots and on horses, they and their heads – the men of Yahudah and the inhabitants of Yerushalyim. And this city shall be inhabited forever.  (26)  “And they shall come from the cities of Yahudah and from the places around Yerushalyim, and from the land of Binyamin and from the low country, from the mountains and from the South, bringing burnt offerings and slaughterings, grain offerings and incense, bringing offerings of praise to the House of Yahweh.  (27)  “But if you do not obey Me to set apart the Sabbath day, and not to bear a burden when entering the gates of Yerushalyim on the Sabbath day, then I shall kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall consume the palaces of Yerushalyim, and not be quenched.” ’ ”

 

Nehemiah 13:17-18, “Then I contended with the nobles of Yahudah, and said to them, “What evil matter is this that you are doing, profaning the Sabbath day?  (18)  “Did not your fathers do the same so that our Elohim brought all this evil on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Yisra’el by profaning the Sabbath.”

 

Ezekiel 20:11-24, “And I gave them My laws and showed them My right-rulings, ‘which, if a man does, he shall live by them.’  (12)  “And I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign1 between them and Me, to know that I am Yahweh who sets them apart. (Note: 1See Ex. 31:13-17.)  (13)  “But the house of Yisra’el rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My laws, and they rejected My right-rulings, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. And they greatly profaned My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to consume them.  (14)  “But I acted for My Name’s sake, not to profane it before the gentiles, before whose eyes I had brought them out.  (15)  “And I Myself also lifted My hand in an oath to them in the wilderness, not to bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey, the splendor of all lands,  (16)  because they rejected My right-rulings and did not walk in My laws, and they profaned My Sabbaths. For their heart went after their idols.  (17)  “And My eye pardoned them, from destroying them. And I did not make an end of them in the wilderness.  (18)  “And I said to their children in the wilderness, ‘Do not walk in the laws of your fathers, nor observe their rulings, nor defile yourselves with their idols.  (19)  ‘I am Yahweh your Elohim. Walk in My laws, and guard My right-rulings, and do them.  (20)  ‘And set apart My Sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and you, to know that I am Yahweh your Elohim.’  (21)  “But the children rebelled against Me. They did not walk in My laws, and My right-rulings they did not guard to do them, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. They profaned My Sabbaths, so I resolved to pour out My wrath on them to complete My displeasure against them in the wilderness.  (22)  “But I held back My hand and acted for My Name’s sake, not to profane it before the eyes of the gentiles, before whose eyes I had brought them out.  (23)  “Also, I Myself lifted My hand in an oath to those in the wilderness, to scatter them among the gentiles and disperse them throughout the lands,  (24)  because they had not done My right-rulings, and they rejected My laws, and they profaned My Sabbaths, and their eyes were on their fathers’ idols.

 

The prophecies in Isaiah 56:2-7 and 58:3-14 likewise single out the Sabbath as the primary commandment, observance of which will bring personal as well as national salvation. This is no small declaration and merits our serious attention, particularly in light of Isaiah 66:22-23 in which we read.

 

 Isaiah 66:22-24  “For as the new heavens and the new earth that I make stand before Me,” declares Yahweh, “so your seed and your name shall stand.  (23)  “And it shall be that from New Moon to New Moon, and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me,” declares Yahweh.  (24)  “And they shall go forth and look upon the corpses of the men who have transgressed against Me. For their worm shall not die, and their fire not be quenched. And they shall be repulsive to all flesh!” (Note: See 24:6, 34:2-3, Ps. 110:6, Jer. 25:33.)

 

Think for a moment if our entire nation, the USA, was to be observing Sabbath what do you suppose Yahweh would be doing for us?

 

1.      Would our banks be going out of business: NO!

 

2.      Would we be losing our homes: NO!

 

3.      Would our economy be going up and down, mostly down: NO!

 

4.      Would we have such a large welfare state: NO!

 

5.      Would our leaders be trying to take all that we have: Well probably not.

 

6.      Would we have been attacked by Al-Qaida: NO!

 

I know what you’re saying, that’s not controlled by us. Yes it is! Of course we must be following or guarding the commands of Yahweh. It is “OUR” responsibility to follow what the Yahweh commands us to do. As individuals observe then Yahweh takes care of them, but as a nation, as was Bnei Yisrael, This is what Yahweh wants. The Scriptures prophecies about wars, wars and rumors of wars, why? Because we don’t follow the Creators desires. But remember “for these have to take place, but the end is not yet.” As it says in Matthew 24:6.

 

Do you suppose that the “Sunday keepers” will be in the New Jerusalem as told in the book of Revelation? NO of course not! Why you say?

 

Let’s look at Scripture:

 

Numbers 15:30, ‘But the being who does whatever defiantly, whether he is native or a stranger, he reviles Yahweh, and that being shall be cut off from among his people.”

 

Numbers 15:32-36, “And while the children of Yisra’el were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the Sabbath day.

 

(33)  And those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Mosheh and to Aharon, and to all the congregation.

 

(34)  And they put him in under guard, because it had not been declared what should be done to him.

 

(35)  And Yahweh said to Mosheh, “The man shall certainly be put to death, all the congregation stoning him with stones outside the camp.”

 

(36)  And all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him with stones, as Yahweh commanded Mosheh, and he died.”

 

Ezekiel chapter 20: “They did not walk in My laws, and they rejected My right-rulings, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. And they greatly profaned My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to consume them.”

 

“because they rejected My right-rulings and did not walk in My laws, and they profaned My Sabbaths. For their heart went after their idols.”

 

Ezekiel 20:21, “But the children rebelled against Me. They did not walk in My laws, and My right-rulings they did not guard to do them, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. They profaned My Sabbaths, so I resolved to pour out My wrath on them to complete My displeasure against them in the wilderness.”

 

Revelation 22:14-15

 

(14)  “Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city. (Notes: See Matthew 19:17. Long before the books were compiled to form “The New Testament,” Rev. 22:14 was quoted, as it is here given, by Tertullian (CE 208), and by Cyprian (CE 251) – see the well-known Antenicene Fathers.)

 

(15)  “But outside are the dogs and those who enchant with drugs, and those who whore, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and all who love and do falsehood. (Note: See 21:27, 2 Thess. 2:11.)

 

Ok, now the Scriptures talk about Sabbaths, that’s plural, many have no idea about what that means:

 

Leviticus 23:4-7, ‘These are the appointed times of Yahweh, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times.

 

(5)  ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Yahweh.

 

(6)  ‘And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to Yahweh – seven days you eat unleavened bread.

 

(7)  ‘On the first day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.

 

Leviticus 23:8, ‘And you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahweh for seven days. On the seventh day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.’ ”

 

Leviticus 23:21, ‘And on this same day you shall proclaim a set-apart gathering for yourselves, you do no servile work on it – a law forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.” (Shavuot)

 

Leviticus 23:24-25, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you have a rest, a remembrance of blowing of trumpets, a set-apart gathering.

 

(25)  ‘You do no servile work, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahweh.’ ”

 

Leviticus 23:27-28

 

(27)  “On the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a set-apart gathering for you. And you shall afflict your beings, and shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

 

(28)  “And you do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before Yahweh your Elohim.

 

Leviticus 23:31-32, “You do no work – a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

 

(32)  ‘It is a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your beings. On the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you observe your Sabbath.”

 

Leviticus 23:34-35

 

(34)  “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the Festival of Booths for seven days to Yahweh.

 

(35)  ‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. (SUKKOT)

 

Leviticus 23:39

 

(39)  ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather in the fruit of the land, observe the festival of Yahweh for seven days. On the first day is a rest, and on the eighth day a rest.

 

These are commanded Sabbaths other than the weekly Sabbaths. The first day of unleavened bread is a Sabbath, the 7th day of this feast is a Sabbath, and Shavuot is a Sabbath and the first of the 7th month is a Sabbath and the Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur is a Sabbath and the first day of Sukkot and the 7th day of Sukkot are both Sabbaths. Known as Feasts Sabbaths.

 

Now maybe you noticed that it says; A LAW FOREVER. I don’t know what your explanation of forever is, but I believe that means, just as it says, FOREVER.

 

“from Merriam-Webster dictionary:

 

Main Entry:

    1for·ev·er

 

    \fə-rev-ər, fȯ-; Southern often fə-e-və\

 

Function:

    adverb

 

Date:

    circa 1500

 

1 : for a limitless time 2 : at all times : continually”

 

As also in the Scriptures; as an ETERNAL decree.

 

Now, to me FOREVER and ETERNAL decree seems that Yahweh meant what HE said. At no time would these decrees vanish, or be terminated.

 

The Ten principles of living. What’s that you say? The Ten principles of living, (Ten Commandments), were given at Mt. Sinai to, as most will claim, the Jews. Oh! You mean there were no others there? Let’s look at that:

 

Exodus 12:37-38, “And the children of Yisra’el set out from Ra’meses to Sukkoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides the little ones.

(38) And a mixed multitude went up with them too, also flocks and herds, very much livestock.”

 

A mixed multitude is that which was not of the 12 tribes of Yisrael.

 

Ok back to the ten principles of living, or the Ten Commandments, were given at Mt Sinai as a guide line for all mankind to live and live abundantly. You may have heard that for the non-Jews that the seven Noahide laws must be followed. I don’t disagree, because the seven Nohaide laws were the pre-curser to the Ten Principles given at Mt. Sinai.

 

    1. Prohibition of Idolatry: You shall not have any idols before Yahweh.

 

    2. Prohibition of Murder: You shall not murder.

 

    3. Prohibition of Theft: You shall not steal.

 

    4. Prohibition of Sexual Promiscuity: You shall not commit adultery.

 

    5. Prohibition of Blasphemy: You shall not blaspheme Yahweh's name.

 

    6. Dietary Law: Do not eat flesh taken from an animal while it is still alive.

 

    7. Requirement to have just Laws: You shall set up an effective judiciary to enforce the preceding six laws fairly.

 

So, where is the law of Sabbath in here? When the children of Yisrael turned their backs on Yahweh and went to idol worship, this is when they profaned the Sabbath. By not keeping or observing the Sabbath you become idol worshipers and this is an abomination before Yahweh. That’s right, Christians are idol worshipers!

 

Ezekiel 20:6-16

 

(6)  “On that day I lifted My hand in an oath to them, to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim into a land that I had searched out for them, flowing with milk and honey, the splendor of all lands.

 

(7)  “And I said to them, ‘Each one of you, throw away the abominations which are before his eyes, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Mitsrayim! I am Yahweh your Elohim.’

 

(8)  “But they rebelled against Me, and would not obey Me. All of them did not throw away the abominations which were before their eyes, nor did they forsake the idols of Mitsrayim. So I resolved to pour out My wrath on them to complete My displeasure against them in the midst of the land of Mitsrayim.

 

(9)  “But I acted for My Name’s sake, that it should not be profaned before the eyes of the gentiles among whom they were – before whose eyes I had made Myself known to them, to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim.

 

(10)  “So I took them out of the land of Mitsrayim, and I brought them into the wilderness.

 

(11)  “And I gave them My laws and showed them My right-rulings, ‘which, if a man does, he shall live by them.’

 

(12)  “And I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, to know that I am Yahweh who sets them apart. (Note: See Exodus 31:13-17.)

 

(13)  “But the house of Yisra’el rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My laws, and they rejected My right-rulings, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. And they greatly profaned My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to consume them.

 

(14)  “But I acted for My Name’s sake, not to profane it before the gentiles, before whose eyes I had brought them out.

 

(15)  “And I Myself also lifted My hand in an oath to them in the wilderness, not to bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey, the splendor of all lands,

 

(16)  because they rejected My right-rulings and did not walk in My laws, and they profaned My Sabbaths. For their heart went after their idols.

 

Many will say that is just for the “Old Testament” and not for the “New Testament” because the Messiah did away with this. What did the Messiah do on each of the Sabbaths that we read in the Scriptures? OBSERVING the Sabbath. Men, even at that time of the first century C.E., were trying to change the way of observing the Sabbath. Yet the Messiah observed the Sabbath as did His ancestors. He would never have profaned the Sabbath, and He showed this in the Book of Yahanan (John).

 

John 2:13-16, “And the Passover of the Yahudim was near, and Yahshua went up to Yerushalyim.

 

(14)  And He found in the Set-apart Place those selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers sitting.

 

(15)  And having made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the Set-apart Place, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the moneychangers’ coins and overturned the tables.

 

(16)  And He said to those selling doves, “Take these away! Do not make the house of My Father a house of merchandise!”

 

What does this have to do with the Sabbath you say?

 

Jeremiah 17:21-22, ‘Thus said Yahweh, “Guard yourselves, and bear no burden on the Sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Yerushalyim,

 

(22)  nor take a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, nor do any work. And you shall set apart the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.

 

Jeremiah 17:27

 

(27)  “But if you do not obey Me to set apart the Sabbath day, and not to bear a burden when entering the gates of Yerushalyim on the Sabbath day, then I shall kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall consume the palaces of Yerushalyim, and not be quenched.” ’ ”

 

This is also talking about the Set-apart place and where they congregate on Sabbath.

 

The Sabbath day is to be used to reflect upon Yahweh as our Elohim and Creator of this universe. This is why Yahweh said in Genesis chapter two:

 

Genesis 2:3, “And Elohim blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because on it He rested from all His work which Elohim in creating had made.”

 

What is an ELOHIM? In Hebrew (אלהים) Alef, Lamed, Hei, Yud, Mem. ELOHIM, reading right to left, meaning MASTER, JUDGE, RULER.

 

I have never been able to find in the Scriptures where the Sabbath was changed from the 7th day to the 1st day of the week. Many try to use that when the Messiah was resurrected it was the first day of the week and that is what Scripture says, however, it never said that the Sabbath was changed to the 1st day of the week. Constantine ordered that the people not observe Passover but to observe “Easter” as it says “The Lords Day”, or the Day of the Sun. They did this again because the Messiah was resurrected on the 1st day of the week and Constantine changed the Sabbath from the 7th day to the 1st day of the week.

 

MANS DOCTRINE!

 

From WIKIPEDIA:

 

Christian tradition: “In the majority of Christendom, "Sabbath" is a synonym of "Lord's Day" (Sunday), which is kept in commemoration of the resurrection of Christ. It is often the day of rest, and usually the day of communal worship. The Lord's Day is considered both the first day and the "eighth day" of the seven-day week (or, in some calendars, Sunday is designated the seventh day of the week). Relatively few Christians regard first-day observance as entailing all of the ordinances of the Jewish Sabbath. The related Latter Day Saint movement generally follows the stronger Christian Sabbatarian traditions, avoiding shopping, leisure activities, and idleness on the first day, and avoiding work unless absolutely necessary. Sometimes the Lord's Day is observed by those who believe the Sabbath corresponds to Saturday but is obsolete; and in Oriental Orthodoxy, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church has observed both a Sunday Lord's Day and a Saturday Sabbath for several centuries. As another minority view, some modern Christians uphold a Sabbath but do not limit its observance to either Saturday or Sunday, instead advocating rest on any chosen day of the week, or advocating the Sabbath as instead a symbolic metaphor for rest in Christ.

 

 

 

In several Christian denominations, the Sabbath is kept in similar manner as in Judaism, but observance ends at Saturday sunset instead of Saturday nightfall. Some even use the 6PM to 6Pm observance. Seventh Day Baptists have found the Sabbath an important part of their beliefs and practices since the mid-17th century, also informing the doctrine of the similar but larger Seventh-day Adventist group in the mid-19th century. They and others believe that keeping the seventh-day Sabbath is a moral obligation arising out of the Ten Commandments that honors God as Creator and Deliverer. They also use "Lord's Day" to mean the seventh day, based on Scriptures in which God calls it "my day" and "of the LORD". Adventists originally formally identified the problem of defining Sabbath worldwide on a round earth; some seventh-day Sabbatarians make use of the International Date Line, while others observe Sabbath according to Jerusalem time instead of local time. Many of the Lemba in southern Africa, like some other African tribes, are Christians yet claim common descent from the Jewish people, keep one day a week holy like the Jewish Sabbath, and have many beliefs and practices linked to Judaism.”

 

Let’s look one more time at times:

 

Leviticus 23:32, ‘It is a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your beings. On the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you observe your Sabbath.”

 

This is the only time in Scripture that uses the phrase evening to evening; what does that entail?

 

 עֶרֶב Ayin, Resh, Bet. Ereb=Meaning dusk to dusk. This refers to when the sun has dipped just below the horizon. Many insist on from night fall or when three stars are visible in the heavens.

 

1 Chronicles 23:30-31, “and to stand every morning to thank and praise Yahweh, and so at evening;

 

(31) and for all the burnt offerings to Yahweh on the Sabbaths and on the New Moons and on the appointed times, by number according to the right-ruling upon them, continually before Yahweh;”

 

2 Chronicles 8:12-13, “Then Shelomoh offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh which he had built before the porch,

 

(13)  even as the duty of every day required, offering according to the command of Mosheh, for the Sabbaths, and for the New Moons, and for the appointed times three times a year: the Festival of Unleavened Bread, and the Festival of Weeks, and the Festival of Booths.

 

Exodus 31:13-17, “And you, speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, Yahweh, am setting you apart.

 

(14)  ‘And you shall guard the Sabbath, for it is set-apart to you. Everyone who profanes it shall certainly be put to death, for anyone who does work on it, that being shall be cut off from among his people.

 

(15)  ‘Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of rest, set-apart to Yahweh. Everyone doing work on the Sabbath day shall certainly be put to death.

 

(16)  ‘And the children of Yisra’el shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant.

 

(17)  ‘Between Me and the children of Yisra’el it is a sign forever. For in six days Yahweh made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”

 

The Sabbath is set-apart; it is to be kept set-apart to Yahweh. It belongs to the Yahweh and if you follow the Yahweh then you must observe the Sabbath as set-apart to the Yahweh. The only sign of Yahweh setting us apart, the only sign of the everlasting covenant, is His Sabbaths, one of them being the seventh day Sabbath. This is repeated in Ezek. 20:12 & 20.

 

Ezekiel 20:20, ‘And set apart My Sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and you, to know that I am Yahweh your Elohim.’

 

So, does the Sabbath matter? It does to the Creator Yahweh Tzevauot

 

©Beyth Lechem 5768 2007-2008